Artificial Intelligence

Digital connections in the shape of a brain.

Artificial intelligence (AI) has become a strategic imperative for our clients. Our clients – regardless of their sector or size – are developing or deploying AI solutions to improve productivity, gain new insights, offer new products and services, and enhance the customer experience.

Why AI is different

AI systems are fundamentally different than their predecessors as they are designed to perceive, learn, reason and make independent decisions in ways that are similar to humans. For AI systems to mimic these aspects of human intelligence, they must access and interpret large volumes of usable data. This decision-making capability, and the reliance on data that is at its core, requires a fresh consideration of legal, ethical and governance issues through an AI lens. For example:

  • Data – ­Most AI solutions require access to large volumes of quality data to achieve their purpose. The data used goes beyond the raw data initially accessed, as the AI solutions themselves continually derive insights and therefore produce additional data that is used to continuously “learn.” In the world of AI, the value and complexity of data as an asset increase significantly. Far more than with previous technologies, the identification and understanding of the data and its origins, and who controls and benefits from data and its derivations, are crucial and potentially contentious questions that are critical to address.
  • Intellectual property (IP) – Can an AI solution be an author and create a work in which copyright exists? Can an AI solution be an inventor of a patentable invention? Is it an infringement of copyright to reproduce a lawfully accessed work for the purposes of information analysis? These are only a few of the many critical IP issues that AI has brought to the forefront, as questions are raised about how to apply a statutory regime developed based on an underlying assumption that humans would be the creators to a world where the creators can be AI systems.
  • Privacy and data protection – AI makes privacy compliance and regulation exponentially more complex. Applying fair information principles – including consent, reasonable purposes and accountability – in the context of AI creates uncertainty and, given the importance of data to AI, potential gating issues to successful research and development.
  • Allocation of risk – Who is liable when an AI solution makes a decision that causes harm? Traditional contractual, civil and criminal liability concepts do not easily lend themselves to an assessment of how to allocate liability for harm caused by an AI system.
  • Ethics and compliance – For AI to be accepted within society, AI systems must be trusted. The basis for decisions made by AI solutions must be understood and must not be biased or discriminatory. Increasingly, legislators will want to regulate harmful uses of AI.

Why Osler?

Hands-on experience and expertise

Osler is widely recognized for having Canada’s leading practices aimed at the industries of the future. Our clients are at the epicentre of change. And so are we. 

Our AI team, made up of lawyers who are leaders in the areas of technology, intellectual property, privacy and data management, and emerging companies, works with clients across the AI ecosystem to help them develop and realize their AI strategies:

Development of AI systems

  • Osler has a large, specialized practice focused on high growth technology companies, and is currently supporting many of the Canadian leaders in AI, including Integrate.AI and Element AI.
  • Osler’s privacy and data management experts are working with the most advanced data and AI companies to establish data governance and de-identification programs that help to unlock the value of data, while complying with the contractual, legal and ethical aspects of AI.
  • Osler’s IP experts are working with clients to implement strategies for protecting the intellectual property that they – and their AI systems – create, and for addressing the infringement risks inherent in machine learning, natural language processing and other AI techniques.

Commercialization and use of AI systems

  • The Osler AI team acts for both vendors and purchasers of AI systems in connection with the drafting and negotiation of agreements for the development, deployment and commercialization of AI solutions. This advice includes the development of unique commercial terms and strategies to address complex issues such as ownership of models, learning algorithms, data ownership and use rights in the context of AI.
  • Osler’s privacy and data management experts are working with stakeholders across the AI ecosystem to establish data governance and de-identification programs that include compliance with the contractual, legal and ethical aspects of AI.
  • Osler’s technology law experts are actively working with many of Canada’s leading financial institutions and their suppliers in connection with the deployment of AI and machine learning in transformative use cases across the FIs’ lines of business.

Thought Leadership: Shaping the Future

We are shaping the future through our participation in numerous public policy consultations and thought-leadership workshops. For example, we are directly or indirectly participating in the Government of Canada’s National Digital and Data Consultations, Transport Canada’s “Car of the Future Advisory Group,” ITAC’s roundtable on cybersecurity with the Canadian Centre for Cyber Security, and the Standing Committee on Industry, Science and Technology’s Statutory Review of the Copyright Act. AccessPrivacy, a division of Osler that focuses exclusively on privacy and data management, is leading multi-stakeholder workshops on data governance and de-identification.


Wendy Gross

Partner, Technology


Shahir Guindi Ad. E.

National Co-chair


Simon Hodgett

Partner, Technology


Mark Longo

Partner, Emerging and High Growth Companies


André Perey

Partner, Emerging and High Growth Companies


Nathalie Beauregard

Partner, Corporate


  • Deep Genomics

    Deep Genomics in its $180 million Series C financing

  • M12

    M12 in Private AI’s $3.15 million seed funding round

  • Cohere

    Cohere in its US$40 million Series A financing round

  • Untether AI

    Untether AI in its US$125 million financing round

  • ApplyBoard

    ApplyBoard in its US$300 million Series D financing

  • Waabi

    Waabi in its launch and US$83.5 million Series A financing round

  • Arteria AI Inc.

    Arteria AI in its US$11 million Series A Financing

  • Promise Robotics

    Promise Robotics in its strategic investment by PSP Investments and Radical Ventures

  • Element AI

    Element AI in its acquisition by ServiceNow

  • in its US$10 million financing round

  • Tealbook

    Tealbook in its US$14.4 million Series A financing round

  • Radian Capital

    Radian Capital in its lead investment in's $30 million Series A financing round

  • TELUS Corp.

    TELUS Corp. in its $1.2 billion acquisition of Lionbridge AI

  • Rubikloud

    Rubikloud in its US $60 million acquisition by Kinaxis

  • in its $8 million Series A financing round

  • BrainBox AI

    BrainBox AI in its $12 million pre Series A financing round

  • Affinity

    Affinity in its acquisition of

  • Deep Genomics

    Deep Genomics in its US$40 million Series B financing round

  • Yaletown Venture Partners & BDC Capital

    Yaletown Venture Partners and BDC Capital in Charli AI's $1.6 million Seed Financing

  • Stradigi AI

    Stradigi AI in its $53 million Series A funding

  • Xtract Technologies Inc.

    Xtract Technologies Inc. in its acquisition by Patriot One Technologies Inc.

  • Element AI Inc.

    Element AI in its $200 million Series B financing round

  • Properly Inc.

    Properly Inc. in its $22 million Series A financing round

  • Radical Ventures

    Radical Ventures in RoadBotics’ US$7.5 million Series A financing

  • Flybits

    Flybits in its USD$35 million venture financing

  • Find More

  • Chambers Canada: Canada’s Leading Lawyers for Business: Recognized in Information Technology (Band 1); Startups & Emerging Companies (Band 1) and Privacy & Data Protection (Band 1)
    • "They're a top-notch firm - they deliver sound, practical advice and understand the needs of our business."
  • Chambers Canada Awards: Named ‘Technology Law Firm of the Year’, 2020
  • The Canadian Legal Lexpert Directory: Recognized for Technology Transactions
  • Legal 500: Recognized in Technology (Tier 1)